The following comments are from Navigator's and Quiet Time Diary journals. One verse will be entered, then the comment, then the date.
1:1, 2 Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ,
When Paul wrote his letters, he generally
wrote to specific churches as shown by the titles in the Bible. Peter addressed
this to several churches - more like an open letter.
1:3 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
This is one of the few places that I think the term "born again" is in the Bible. I like this verse in that it explains what happens when a person is born again. We have a free will, but here it shows that God caused us to desire Him - proving again that He is in control. (DRM 4/27/08)
1:4 to obtain an inheritance which is imperishable and undefiled and will not fade away, reserved in heaven for you,
Here is a great reason why to accept the gift of Jesus Christ into my heart! This should be an "assurance of salvation" verse. While newspapers may print anything — true or false — to sell their product, I know that the Bible is always true. This verse is absolute. The inheritance WILL be there. While we will still sin, and ask forgiveness, our home will still be with Him someday. What a great hope for the future! (DRM 12/5/04)
1:5 who are protected by the power of God through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
This is the final third of a three verse
1:6 In this you greatly rejoice, even though now for a little while, if necessary, you have been distressed by various trials,
We are rejoicing from the inheritance that we
have received in Heaven (v. 4).
1:7 . . . so that the proof of your faith, being more precious than gold which is perishable, even though tested by fire, may be found to result in praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ;
This is a small part of a four verse sentence
in chapter 1. It is very encouraging and motivating to me.
1:8 . . . and though you have not seen Him, you love Him, and though you do not see Him now, but believe in Him, you greatly rejoice with joy inexpressible and full of glory,
Every one of us who reads this has never seen
Jesus or God the Father. As true believers, we have to have faith that He exists
and love how He works in our lives.
1:9 . . . for you are receiving the goal of your faith, the salvation of your souls.
Salvation surely is the ultimate goal. Fortunately our salvation is assured by the death of Jesus Christ. To put all your trust in Jesus Christ and to confess Him as Lord of our lives is the "start of something big!" (DRM 11/23/86)
1:10, 11 As to this salvation, the prophets who prophesied of the grace that would come to you made careful searches and inquiries, 11seeking to know what person or time the Spirit of Christ within them was indicating as He predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories to follow.
[re: 1:10] This verse is about Bible prophecy, but not
what we think of today; as this refers to past prophecy fulfilled.
[re: 1:10,11] This refers
to the Old Testament prophets - who all wondered when the Messiah would come and
when He would set up His glorious Kingdom.
1:12 It was revealed to them [the prophets] that they were not serving themselves, but you, in these things which now have been announced to you through those who preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven - things into which angels long to look.
This verse shows the linkage between God
telling the prophets what to write and our receiving the message.
1:13 Therefore, prepare your minds for action, keep sober in spirit, fix your hope completely on the grace to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ.
This verse is after a statement about when a
person receives the grace of Christ. The answer appears to be that grace is
received "through those who preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit. . .
1:14 As obedient children, do not be conformed to the former lusts which were yours in your ignorance,
When I was young, I had one major goal - to make lots of money. I would try almost any idea if it looked profitable. After I became a Christian, that lust for money slowly has gone away. Now I only ask to be able to pay my bills that come in. In my 20's, I had another goal - and that one has stayed with me on and off throughout my life. Perhaps this goal is in His will - so long as it is used to honor Him. I must listen to the Holy Spirit for direction. (DRM 12/6/04)
1:15, 16 but like the Holy One who called you, be holy yourselves also in all your behavior; 16because it is written, "YOU SHALL BE HOLY, FOR I AM HOLY."
Jesus saved us from our sins when we trusted totally in Him. As a result of our trust in Him, He wants us to live holy lives - as imitators of Him. While we can't do the miracles that He did, we can try to keep as spiritually pure as possible, share our faith with others, and follow the teachings of the Bible. This is a life long challenge. (DRM 12/6/10)
1:17 If you address as Father the One who impartially judges according to each one's work, conduct yourselves in fear during the time of your stay on earth;
We are being watched. Every word that we
utter is being recorded. If you (or I) might have thought we are sinless, this
reality quickly shows how dependent we are on Jesus' dying for all of our sins.
1:18, 19 . . . knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers, 19but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.
I can't think of a better way to say - or
explain - that Christians were/are saved - not by trusting in material things
(silver or gold) or even other people - but only by the shed blood of Jesus our
Savior, the Messiah - Christ.
1:20, 21 For He was foreknown before the foundation of the world, but has appeared in these last times for the sake of you 21who through Him are believers in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.
The whole salvation plan is given in this one
sentence. Probably someone has written a full sermon on the content right here.
Salvation is infinitely costly, but absolutely free. (from Our Daily Bread, 3/1/15)
1:22 Since you have in obedience to the truth purified your souls for a sincere love of the brethren, fervently love one another from the heart,
I love the Lord Jesus and you love the Lord Jesus, thus we are both in the same spiritual family. We should both be working towards the same goal - to glorify Him in what we do. Based on that assumption, we should love each other - as we will always be a part of His Kingdom. (DRM 12/7/10)
1:23 for you have been born again not of seed which is perishable but imperishable, that is, through the living and abiding word of God.
What happened when I became a believer? I didn't trust in the perishable person who clarified the Bible to me, but rather I trusted in Christ for the events that would take place for the rest of my life. The word of God - the Bible - became my source Book and I have depended on it for instruction and also the leading of the Holy Spirit. (DRM 12/7/04)
1:24, 25 For,
This is a quote from Isaiah 40:6-8.
2:1-3 Therefore, putting aside all malice and all deceit and hypocrisy and envy and all slander, 2like newborn babies, long for the pure milk of the word, so that by it you may grow in respect to salvation, 3if you have tasted the kindness of the Lord.
This almost seems like a summary of how to live the Christian life. We should avoid sin and Peter gives us another short list of sins to avoid, then instructs us to love the word of God, the Bible, and be instructed by His words given there, so as to grow in your salvation - and throughout our earthly life. The third verse includes the 'food' word 'taste' as a motivator not to quit in the instruction given since the day you trusted in the Lord Jesus. (DRM 12/2/16)
2:4, 5 And coming to Him as to a living stone, rejected by men, but choice and precious in the sight of God, 5you also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.
The term "living stone" is a challenge to me. I think that Christians, as believers, could be considered a part of the Christian church. We could be considered as individual bricks or stones in the church structure. Jesus is the cornerstone. Our structure is based on the cornerstone, Jesus. (DRM 12/8/04)
2:6 For this is contained in Scripture:
This part of Chapter 2 refers to Jesus as the stone or cornerstone that we must trust in for our eternal salvation. Those who don't believe in Him find it offensive (v. 8). What we do with Jesus determines our eternal destiny. (DRM 12/8/10)
2:7 This precious value, then, is for you who
believe; but for those who disbelieve,
The cornerstone is Jesus. As Christians, we
know He has incredible value to our present and eternal life. He is the basis
for our faith, like the cornerstone of a building.
The stone is Jesus (v. 6). This is the Rock
that Christians believe in. It is also the object of unbelievers where they can
find it offensive - by refusing to even use the name of Jesus - or using it as a
swear word. In this way they are stumbling over what seems to Christians to be
the simple way of salvation.
2:9 But you are A CHOSEN RACE, A royal PRIESTHOOD, A HOLY NATION, A PEOPLE FOR God's OWN POSSESSION, SO that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light,
God has a plan for each one of us. Recently I have generally discovered that His plan and "my" plan to serve Him don't necessarily agree. Still, He can use (us) me. Wherever He puts us in life, He wants us to share His love with the people we come in contact with. (DRM 4/30/08)
2:10 . . . for you once were NOT A PEOPLE, but now you are THE PEOPLE OF GOD; you had NOT RECEIVED MERCY, but now you have RECEIVED MERCY.
Before I was a Christian, I was "a people,"
an individual not a part of His spiritual family. Now, as a Christian,
I'm still the same individual, but part of a spiritual Christian family -
represented by the church where I attend, but also a part of the universal
Christian family of believers.
2:11 Beloved, I urge you as aliens and strangers to abstain from fleshly lusts which wage war against the soul.
I don't feel like an alien, but when I think
of my Christian faith in a city of mostly unbelievers, it's obvious that my life
is nothing like their lives of drinking, parties and who knows what else?
2:12 Keep your behavior excellent among the Gentiles, so that in the thing in which they slander you as evildoers, they may because of your good deeds, as they observe them, glorify God in the day of visitation.
Even though this was written almost 2,000
years ago - it could have been written to us, as believers today.
2:13 Submit yourselves for the Lord's sake to every human institution, whether to a king as the one in authority,
Many years ago, while working for the
government, I had a major problem with the people who supervised me and they
didn't like my resistance.
2:14 or to governors as sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and the praise of those who do right.
This is the second half of a long sentence
about submission to authorities. In this verse it seems that the job of the
governor is to punish evildoers and praise those who do right. While today in
USA the courts deal with evildoers, the governor STILL has plenty to do to keep
the state running.
2:15 For such is the will of God that by doing right you may silence the ignorance of foolish men.
As Christians, we are to follow God's way and
not the way of the world. One example is honestly in business. Since 90% of
store owners will do nearly anything to get more money from the customer, we, as
Christians, should be known for our honestly and helping the customer to get the
most for their money.
2:16 Act as free men, and do not use your freedom as a covering for evil, but use it as bondslaves of God.
What is freedom? My country (USA) claims to
have freedom, but this verse is for everyone in the world.
2:17 Honor all men; love the brotherhood, fear God, honor the King.
As Christians, we should try to encourage others by honoring their efforts, not criticizing them. We should love other Christians and fear the Lord God, for He can change our life in an instant. To honor the King, the Bible is referring to our governmental authorities [verse 13] on all levels. Yes, including the boss at work. Yes, that can be the most difficult because of the number of hours we are together - but with His help, I can do it. (DRM 12/9/04)
2:18, 19 Servants, be submissive to your masters with all respect, not only to those who are good and gentle, but also to those who are unreasonable. 19For this finds favor, if for the sake of conscience toward God a person bears up under sorrows when suffering unjustly.
God=Jesus wants us to be submissive to our
employment supervisors like slaves would be to their masters.
[Re: 2:18] While this was written to slaves and their
masters - I think of it as employees and their supervisors.
2:20 For what credit is there if, when you sin and are harshly treated, you endure it with patience? But if when you do what is right and suffer for it you patiently endure it, this finds favor with God.
We, as believers, are to submit to our
authorities (vv. 13-14). When they set the rules, we are to follow them. God put
rulers in place even if we don't agree with them.
2:21, 22 For you have been called for this purpose, since Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example for you to follow in His steps, 22WHO COMMITTED NO SIN, NOR WAS ANY DECEIT FOUND IN HIS MOUTH;
Jesus suffered and died for our sins. There
will be people who will also cause attacks on us as Christians. These attacks
could be verbal or other types - all because of our faith. Jesus is our example,
He went through far more agony than we will be called upon. When a trial comes,
we are to remember whatever we are going through, Jesus still suffered more and
died because of His love for each one of us.
2:23 and while being reviled, He (Jesus) did not revile in return; while suffering, He uttered no threats, but kept entrusting Himself to Him who judges righteously;
Jesus is to be our example. This one verse is a part of a three verse sentence that reminds me of all that He did including His death on the cross for my sins. How can I ever live up to His example? How can I give all that He did? While it is a goal that is humanly unattainable, even one or two steps closer to his example is a worthy goal - and I can always try a step at a time. (DRM 12/10/04)
2:24 and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds you were healed.
This is a short version of the Gospel - good
news - on how to become a Christian.
2:25 For you were continually straying like sheep, but now you have returned to the Shepherd and Guardian of your souls.
Recently I have been using the word "diversion" a lot. It seems to me that I get diverted a lot from the activities that I plan on doing every morning. Sometimes this is good - as it COULD be the way the Lord is changing my path to follow His will. Other times it's obviously following the wrong path. The goal is to follow His leading. (DRM 5/2/08)
3:1,2 In the same way, you wives, be submissive to your own husbands so that even if any of them are disobedient to the word, they may be won without a word by the behavior of their wives, 2as they observe your chaste and respectful behavior.
It seems that things haven't changed on this
subject. A believer in Christ marries an unbeliever, then tries to convert their
partner. While we are encouraged to marry only believers (1 Cor. 7:12-14),
people still marry unbelievers.
[Re: 3:1] This is probably a difficult verse for some modern women. God has written here that men have authority over their wives. I think that really the partnership should be a 'shared authority', unless a dispute arises, then the wife must be submissive to the husband's will. If the man is NOT a believer, his wife must show him the way by her lifestyle - and gentle, lovingkindness. (DRM 12/11/04)
3:3, 4 Your adornment must not be merely external - braiding the hair, and wearing gold jewelry, or putting on dresses; 4but let it be the hidden person of the heart, with the imperishable quality of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is precious in the sight of God.
The beginning of Chapter 3 refers to "wives"
(v. 1), and how they should be submissive (v. 1) to their husbands.
3:5, 6 For in this way in former times the holy women also, who hoped in God, used to adorn themselves, being submissive to their own husbands, 6just as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord, and you have become her children if you do what is right without being frightened by any fear.
This relates to women being submissive to
their husbands (3:1). They are to be humble and quiet in spirit (v. 4) in their
respect to their husbands and ultimately to the Lord God.
3:7 You husbands in the same way, live with your wives in an understanding way, as with someone weaker, since she is a woman; and show her honor as a fellow heir of the grace of life, so that your prayers will not be hindered.
I would sum up this verse to the word RESPECT. After listening to new reports etc. for all my years, I know that husbands can do some bad things to their wives. Perhaps if they read and applied the Bible ~ instruction manual ~ the bad things wouldn't happen. Answered prayer certainly would be a motive for me - but, unmarried, I don't understand the conflicts in the first place. (DRM 5/3/08)
3:8 To sum up, let all be harmonious, sympathetic, brotherly, kindhearted, and humble in spirit.
I try real hard to work on the things stated above. The hard part is when I occasionally find a difficult person - or someone who is in an antagonistic day. On those days whatever I do is wrong. Still, I try to be humble and change my plans and submit to their will - hoping to make them happy. This happens occasionally - and is difficult, but can be done. I need the Lord's help especially on days like that! (DRM 12/12/04)
3:9 . . . not returning evil for evil or insult for insult, but giving a blessing instead; for you were called for the very purpose that you might inherit a blessing.
If we, as Christians, were to return evil for evil or insult for insult, we would be just like the rest of the world. We need discernment and a peaceful heart to negotiate differences between people who do such things. If God want to give us a blessing, I'd be the first to accept it, but I think it's just logical to promote peace between people. (DRM 5/4/08)
3:10 For, "THE ONE WHO DESIRES LIFE,
In the Bible, Christians have models of how
to act and instructions on how to live right vs. wrong.
3:11 "HE MUST TURN AWAY FROM EVIL AND DO GOOD;
This is the middle verse of a three verse
quote taken from Psalm 34:12-15.
3:12 FOR THE EYES OF THE LORD ARE TOWARD THE
When I have my doubts about everything working out "my way," I should always remember to yield to "His way" and not always mine. If I try to do something that is against His will, I should immediately change my ways. (DRM 1/3/87)
3:13 Who is there to harm you if you prove zealous for what is good?
This question is answered in the following
3:14 But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. AND DO NOT FEAR THEIR INTIMIDATION, AND DO NOT BE TROUBLED,
There are more and more people in the world
today who are critical of the Gospel. These people can be anywhere - including
our own families.
It's better to suffer for the cause of Christ than for the cause of Christ to suffer. (from Our Daily Bread, 11/13/11)
3:15 but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you, yet with gentleness and reverence,
This is only one-third of a sentence, but clear to me. Things don't always go "my way," and God watches our reaction on those occasions. People will generally criticize, but occasionally may ask "why are you different?" At that point I MUST show gentleness and not indifference or hostility. People respect people who DON'T get angry in trials. (DRM 12/13/04)
3:16 . . . and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.
Let's say someone criticized you or made a statement about your belief in Jesus. You could attack back and create more dissention, or not respond at all and let the Lord take care of it in His time. This verse shows that we (I) should take the second choice - as He is aware of all that occurs in our life. (DRM 5/5/08)
3:17 For it is better, if God should will it so, that you suffer for doing what is right rather than for doing what is wrong.
After reading the Book=Bible every day, a
person should learn what God=Jesus considers right and wrong. People who haven't
read the Book only do what is right in their own eyes.
The Bible clearly tells us things that are
pleasing to the Lord and others that are sin - to be avoided.
Jesus promised the Holy Spirit would empower us to be His witnesses (Acts 1:8) and help us to speak for Him. (from Our Daily Bread INSIGHT 2/18/18 SIM KAY TEE)
3:18 For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit;
In previous verses we are told to stand with
Christ no matter what others say or do.
3:19 . . . in which also He went and made proclamation to the spirits now in prison, . . .
This is the middle verse of a three verse
3:20 . . . who once were disobedient, when the patience of God kept waiting in the days of Noah, during the construction of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through the water.
This is the final part of a three verse
sentence. In the previous verse Jesus went to what we call Hell and talked to
the spirits there.
3:21, 22 Corresponding to that, baptism now saves you — not the removal of dirt from the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good conscience — through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, 22who is at the right hand of God, having gone into heaven, after angels and authorities and powers had been subjected to Him.
Baptism is the representation of a new life
for Christ. In the previous verse, Peter used the example of Noah and his family
going through the water, then they started a new life when they were brought
4:1, 2 Therefore, since Christ has suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same purpose, because he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, 2so as to live the rest of the time in the flesh no longer for the lusts of men, but for the will of God.
Jesus went through trials while He was on
earth, and He made it through them all without sinning.
4:3 For the time already past is sufficient for you to have carried out the desire of the Gentiles, having pursued a course of sensuality, lusts, drunkenness, carousing, drinking parties and abominable idolatries.
I think the point of this section refers to
new Christian converts, and how they are to live their life - but it's a good
reminder to all.
4:4 In all this, they are surprised that you do not run with them into the same excesses of dissipation, and they malign you;
This refers back to the list of sins in verse
4:5 but they [unbelievers] shall give account to Him who is ready to judge the living and the dead.
We will all be judged someday. Believers are dependent on Jesus dying for our sins. Unbelievers also have to give an account, and without the grace of Jesus, will be found guilty of their sins. If they had only accepted Jesus Christ, and Him alone to save them during their lifetime, they wouldn't be in this situation! Somehow, someone must open their eyes. How can I help? (DRM 12/14/04)
4:6 For the gospel has for this purpose been preached even to those who are dead, that though they are judged in the flesh as men, they may live in the spirit according to the will of God.
Every human being that ever lived has been given the gospel. How? If not verbally, then by the Bible. If not by those, then by creation - observation of nature and the universe. God has shown Himself to everyone. How we receive this information and honor and follow Him determines our destiny. I believe the "dead" in the sentence refers to the spiritually dead - unbelievers. (DRM 12/14/10)
4:7 The end of all things is near; therefore, be of sound judgment and sober spirit for the purpose of prayer.
From all evidence I've seen, I truly believe that the "end of all things is near." With my personal belief in imminency, Peter probably wanted us to believe that the Lord could (and still can) return at any moment. This verse emphasizes that we (I) should be praying to our Maker every day in anticipation of meeting Him very soon. (DRM 5/7/08)
4:8 Above all, keep fervent in your love for one another, because love covers a multitude of sins.
Sometimes our closest friends and relatives say things that disturb us. They have a right to their opinions, but it's not a reason to stop talking to them or fight with them. Remember that it's only their opinion. Continue to love all people - even with these minor disagreements. (DRM 12/15/10)
4:9 Be hospitable to one another without complaint.
Let's say that you (I) just invited a family
from church over for dinner on Sunday night. They have never been to our house
and we want them to enjoy the evening, so had a special dinner prepared. The
cost was more than expected for the extra people.
4:10 As each one has received a special gift, employ it in serving one another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God.
It seems that the world revolves around people earning more and more money to buy more and more possessions. Jesus had everything that was needed, and never had a home or [apparently] material goods. Even though He was the King, He was a servant to His Father God and healed the sick and washed the feet of His disciples. To be a follower of Christ, I must be more of a servant - as He was. (DRM 12/15/04)
4:11 If anyone speaks, he should do it as one speaking the very words of God.
It seems that I continually find verses "committing" me for the sins of my tongue. This verse makes me really think that no matter WHAT I say about ANY SUBJECT, that I am being judged by the listener. Certainly I realize that when I witness or give my testimony, that God gets the full glory, but I must also remember that God cares about EVERY word all day long. (DRM 12/17/86)
4:12, 13 Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery ordeal among you, which comes upon you for your testing, as though some strange thing were happening to you; 12but to the degree that you share the sufferings of Christ, keep on rejoicing, so that also at the revelation of His glory you may rejoice with exultation.
It seems that I have plenty of trials now.
They are little ordeals that we have to go through. God is testing us to see how
we will do, and to be sure that we are completely devoted to Him. Sometimes
God's testing and Satan's trials are hard to tell apart!
4:14 If you are reviled for the name of Christ, you are blessed, because the Spirit of glory and of God rests on you.
I think of the times when I have stood on the sidewalk to give away bookmarks. I always wonder what the comments will be - or can be. The more negative people are, somehow I feel more confident that I am doing the right thing - as I know that at the time I am showing people the love of Christ - even though they don't want it. (DRM 5/8/08)
4:15 Make sure that none of you suffers as a murderer, or thief, or evildoer, or a troublesome meddler;
This verse really goes with the next verse
(v. 16). It's all right to suffer for being a Christian, but don't suffer for
sins like murder, theft or other things that are against the law, as that would
be acting just like the world and would not bring glory to Christ.
4:16 but if anyone suffers as a Christian, let him not feel ashamed, but in that name let him glorify God.
When someone is persecuted for their faith in Christ, it had to be clearly visible to the unbelieving persecutor. The believer was being a witness for the Lord just to cause the incident. To proclaim the gospel in any way is a Christian's directive, so we should be glad when people see Christ in us. We have assurance that the Holy Spirit is in us when we are persecuted for our proclaiming our faith to others.
4:17 For it is time for judgment to begin with the household of God; and if it begins with us first, what will be the outcome for those who do not obey the gospel of God?
All human beings who ever lived will be judged by God at some time. The household of God would be members of the body of Christ - who are accepted as the household because of their trust/dependence on Christ for their souls. Those who never trusted in Christ will have a worse fate - in the unending fire. (DRM 12/16/10)
4:18 AND IF IT IS WITH DIFFICULTY THAT THE RIGHTEOUS IS SAVED, WHAT WILL BECOME OF THE GODLESS MAN AND THE SINNER?
God puts us through some trials to test our
faith - we are to expect these things and not be surprised when they happen.
Some people fail during the trials, but will get to Heaven due to their faith.
4:19 Therefore, those also who suffer according to the will of God shall entrust their souls to a faithful Creator in doing what is right.
Suffering for Christ can take many forms. A
lot of it depends on where you live. In certain countries in the world
Christianity is outlawed. In those countries sharing your faith with others
could have you killed.
5:1 Therefore, I exhort the elders among you, as your fellow elder and witness of the sufferings of Christ, and a partaker also of the glory that is to be revealed,
This verse is really an introduction to verse
two below. It is addressed to the elders of the church, and directs them (v. 2)
to shepherd their flock according to the will of God.
5:2 . . . shepherd the flock of God among you, exercising oversight not under compulsion, but voluntarily, according to the will of God; and not for sordid gain, but with eagerness;
This verse seems to be directed to pastors or leaders. Certainly God has to call people to be WILLING servants to proclaim the gospel. He is not interested in the people who just want to do the job for the salary, but because they want to advance His Kingdom. (DRM 5/9/08)
5:3, 4 . . . nor yet as lording it over those allotted to your charge, but proving to be examples to the flock. 4And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory.
This is directed to the elders or leaders of
the church (v. 1).
The opening verses of 1 Peter 5 are directed to church leaders and remind them of two important facts. First, their service is to be like that of a shepherd to a flock, marked by sacrifice, integrity, and exemplary behavior (vv. 2-3). The second fact explains why those characteristics are so critical. As shepherds, they serve under the authority of the Chief Shepherd of the flock — Christ Himself — and are accountable to Him. (v. 4) (from Our Daily Bread, INSIGHT, 11/2/12)
5:5 You younger men, likewise, be subject to your elders; and all of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, for GOD IS OPPOSED TO THE PROUD, BUT GIVES GRACE TO THE HUMBLE.
As we age, we accumulate experiences - both worldly experiences and spiritual experiences. In an active church there should be Christians from all age levels. In that church, referred to here, the older Christians should teach or just tell the younger ones what they have learned over the years. Humbleness is complete submissiveness to the Lord, knowing that our lives are completely determined by His grace alone. (DRM 12/17/10)
5:6, 7 Therefore humble yourselves, therefore, under the mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you at the proper time, 7casting all your anxiety on Him, because He cares for you.
[re 5:6] I have felt for years now that Jesus has a special mission for me to do. The problem is what? My problem is patience as I keep aging and wondering WHEN He will start using me. I can tell that when I tell others of a special plan, they don't believe me, so I try to keep quiet and wait. The waiting is SO hard! I have to wait for His timing. (DRM 12/17/04)
God knows everything about us. He made us
before we were born. If we have a "flaw" since we were born, then He put it
there for a purpose. He knows what He is doing!
In verses 6-7, we read a pair of commands that can be very challenging. The first is to humble ourselves before God. Our human tendency toward self-promotion bristles at such an idea, and yet the heart of humility before God is vital. The second command is to abandon our cares and concerns to Him. Why should we do this? God is not only the all-powerful Creator, He is also the God of infinite love and mercy. Because of this, we can confidently trust ourselves to the God who loves us and cares deeply for us. (Our Daily Bread, Insight, 4/4/12)
5:8 Be of sober spirit, be on the alert. Your adversary, the devil, prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour.
How does the adversary, the devil, work? He
puts wrong thoughts into our minds, like hurting other people one way or
another. The devil would want us to deny Christ's saving power in any way
5:9 But resist him (the devil), firm in your faith, knowing that the same experiences of suffering are being accomplished by your brethren who are in the world.
The devil and his demons will do anything in their power to divert and attack believers in their faith. As stated here, the Lord wants us to be firm against their attacks; and to remember that we all - as believing Christians - are facing these attacks. We have to stand firm in our faith. (DRM 5/10/08)
5:10 And after you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you.
This verse could have two time lines, depending on how long "a little while" is. This could refer to a short trial, like illness, or it could refer to our whole lifetime and our hope in Heaven. Probably it's BOTH. It's always hard to admit things won't always go "my way." (DRM 12/18/04)
5:11 To Him be dominion forever and ever. Amen.
This is really the completed thought with
verse ten above. We only have to suffer "a little while" in comparison to
5:12 Through Silvanus, our faithful brother (for so I regard him), I have written to you briefly, exhorting and testifying that this is the true grace of God. Stand firm in it!
This is near the conclusion of the letter. It
appears that Peter had Silvanus write the letter for him, or Silvanus composed
it from what Peter had given in speeches/sermons.
5:13, 14 She who is in Babylon, chosen
together with you, sends you greetings, and so does my son, Mark.
14Greet one another with a kiss
These last two verses in 1 Peter don't seem
to tell us much today.