I PETER

The following comments are from Navigator's and Quiet Time Diary journals. One verse will be entered, then the comment, then the date.

1:1, 2    Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ,
             To those who reside as aliens, scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, who are chosen 2according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, by the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to obey Jesus Christ and be sprinkled with His blood: May grace and peace be yours in the fullest measure.

    When Paul wrote his letters, he generally wrote to specific churches as shown by the titles in the Bible. Peter addressed this to several churches - more like an open letter.
    God knew before He created us if we would be followers of Him. When we trusted in Jesus for our salvation, the Holy Spirit indwelled us. As time progressed, hopefully we have grown spiritually and become more and more sanctified. We are to hear and obey Jesus' directives as true followers of Him.
    Peter was greeting believers with grace and peace. (DRM 9/7/15)

1:3    Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His great mercy has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,

    This is one of the few places that I think the term "born again" is in the Bible. I like this verse in that it explains what happens when a person is born again. We have a free will, but here it shows that God caused us to desire Him - proving again that He is in control. (DRM 4/27/08)

1:4    to obtain an inheritance which is imperishable and undefiled and will not fade away, reserved in heaven for you,

    Here is a great reason why to accept the gift of Jesus Christ into my heart! This should be an "assurance of salvation" verse. While newspapers may print anything true or false to sell their product, I know that the Bible is always true. This verse is absolute. The inheritance WILL be there. While we will still sin, and ask forgiveness, our home will still be with Him someday. What a great hope for the future! (DRM 12/5/04)

1:5    who are protected by the power of God through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.

    This is the final third of a three verse sentence.
    In this part we are told that we are spiritually protected by the "power of God" which most likely is in the form of the Holy Spirit. . . based on our faith in the Lord Jesus. At the last time or last day - which is the day we "die" and go to Heaven - we will see (be revealed) the fruit of our works for the Lord . . . the best of which is just the entrance into Heaven itself, and meeting Jesus. (DRM 12/5/10)

1:6    In this you greatly rejoice, even though now for a little while, if necessary, you have been distressed by various trials,

    We are rejoicing from the inheritance that we have received in Heaven (v. 4).
    Trials come to all of us. God tests us in various ways to see how we love Him. While it's difficult at the time, He knows best and usually, after a while, we can see how He is directing our lives to His plan.
    There's a lot of great things to look forward to in Heaven. As we (I) study the Bible more, it becomes obvious all the joys that await me/us there. (DRM 6/13/14)

1:7    . . . so that the proof of your faith, being more precious than gold which is perishable, even though tested by fire, may be found to result in praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ;

    This is a small part of a four verse sentence in chapter 1. It is very encouraging and motivating to me.
    So long as we keep our faith in the Lord Jesus, we will be honored and rewarded with eternal life in Heaven. During times of trial (v. 6) it is difficult to keep the faith, but it will all be worth it later.
    If you consider the large number of people who have no faith in the Lord Jesus, it makes you think how valuable (spiritually) this incredible gift is. (DRM 4/30/13)

1:8    . . . and though you have not seen Him, you love Him, and though you do not see Him now, but believe in Him, you greatly rejoice with joy inexpressible and full of glory,

    Every one of us who reads this has never seen Jesus or God the Father. As true believers, we have to have faith that He exists and love how He works in our lives.
    We live in anticipation of His return and should be excited about the day that He will rule the new earth in righteousness rather than how it is controlled (by Satan) today.
    Better days are coming. Anticipate His coming! (DRM 9/18/13)

1:9    . . . for you are receiving the goal of your faith, the salvation of your souls.

    Salvation surely is the ultimate goal. Fortunately our salvation is assured by the death of Jesus Christ. To put all your trust in Jesus Christ and to confess Him as Lord of our lives is the "start of something big!" (DRM 11/23/86)

1:10, 11    As to this salvation, the prophets who prophesied of the grace that would come to you made careful searches and inquiries, 11seeking to know what person or time the Spirit of Christ within them was indicating as He predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories to follow.

    [re: 1:10]    This verse is about Bible prophecy, but not what we think of today; as this refers to past prophecy fulfilled.
    In Old Testament days, the prophets were looking towards Jesus' coming and how He would fulfill the grace that was promised to future believers (us). They were sure He would come, but didn't understand the filling of the Holy Spirit in believers after He left.
    Thankfully, we (who have trusted in Jesus) know this infilling of the Holy Spirit, as this is what gives us the hope of eternal life with Him. God=Jesus' grace forgives our sins and is accessed through the Holy Spirit that lives within us. (DRM 11/24/14)

    [re: 1:10,11]    This refers to the Old Testament prophets - who all wondered when the Messiah would come and when He would set up His glorious Kingdom.
In that time they didn't know who the Messiah would be or how long it would be between His arrival and the setting up of His Kingdom.
    Our advantage is that we know the Messiah is Jesus, but we don't know when He will set up His Kingdom. In the New Testament we are given things to look for - and they are here today - so He must be coming back very soon. (DRM 5/13/16)

1:12    It was revealed to them [the prophets] that they were not serving themselves, but you, in these things which now have been announced to you through those who preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven -  things into which angels long to look.   

    This verse shows the linkage between God telling the prophets what to write and our receiving the message.
    The prophet (v. 10) told us of God's grace, then wrote it down. They were thinking of future generations when they recorded God's words. With the Holy Spirit's indwelling today's preachers, we are told the good news (Gospel) that was written before our time.
    Peter did not know that we would each be able to have a copy of the Bible in this age - thus the Holy Spirit could give us understanding of God's Word in addition to the preaching we receive. (DRM 4/24/15)

1:13    Therefore, prepare your minds for action, keep sober in spirit, fix your hope completely on the grace to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ.

    This verse is after a statement about when a person receives the grace of Christ. The answer appears to be that grace is received "through those who preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit. . . (v. 12)."
    Based on this, we (I) should be going to church at least once a week to hear the word of the Lord. (DRM 4/28/08)

1:14    As obedient children, do not be conformed to the former lusts which were yours in your ignorance,

    When I was young, I had one major goal - to make lots of money. I would try almost any idea if it looked profitable. After I became a Christian, that lust for money slowly has gone away. Now I only ask to be able to pay my bills that come in. In my 20's, I had another goal - and that one has stayed with me on and off throughout my life. Perhaps this goal is in His will - so long as it is used to honor Him. I must listen to the Holy Spirit for direction. (DRM 12/6/04)

1:15, 16    but like the Holy One who called you, be holy yourselves also in all your behavior; 16because it is written, "YOU SHALL BE HOLY, FOR I AM HOLY."

    Jesus saved us from our sins when we trusted totally in Him. As a result of our trust in Him, He wants us to live holy lives - as imitators of Him. While we can't do the miracles that He did, we can try to keep as spiritually pure as possible, share our faith with others, and follow the teachings of the Bible. This is a life long challenge. (DRM 12/6/10)

1:17    If you address as Father the One who impartially judges according to each one's work, conduct yourselves in fear during the time of your stay on earth;

    We are being watched. Every word that we utter is being recorded. If you (or I) might have thought we are sinless, this reality quickly shows how dependent we are on Jesus' dying for all of our sins.
    In this verse, God (Father, One) is the judge and He is the One who we are to fear. I don't think He wants physical fear, like we have on earth, but rather spiritual fear - which causes us (me) to want to laud Him at every opportunity. (DRM 12/1/11)

1:18, 19    . . . knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers, 19but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.

    I can't think of a better way to say - or explain - that Christians were/are saved - not by trusting in material things (silver or gold) or even other people - but only by the shed blood of Jesus our Savior, the Messiah - Christ.
    Now that He saved us from eternity in hell, what are we (I) doing to tell others of their fate? (DRM 4/29/08)

1:20, 21    For He was foreknown before the foundation of the world, but has appeared in these last times for the sake of you 21who through Him are believers in God, who raised Him from the dead and gave Him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.

    The whole salvation plan is given in this one sentence. Probably someone has written a full sermon on the content right here.
    Jesus was with the Father God at creation, so existed before the foundation of the world.
    Even when Peter wrote this letter it was felt that Jesus would return at any time; just like we feel today - with greater urgency.
    We are Christians because of our faith and hope in what God did for Jesus - raised Him from the dead - and believe that we will also see Him when we are raised also. (DRM 3/1/15)

    Salvation is infinitely costly, but absolutely free. (from Our Daily Bread, 3/1/15)

1:22    Since you have in obedience to the truth purified your souls for a sincere love of the brethren, fervently love one another from the heart,

    I love the Lord Jesus and you love the Lord Jesus, thus we are both in the same spiritual family. We should both be working towards the same goal - to glorify Him in what we do. Based on that assumption, we should love each other - as we will always be a part of His Kingdom. (DRM 12/7/10)

1:23    for you have been born again not of seed which is perishable but imperishable, that is, through the living and abiding word of God.

    What happened when I became a believer? I didn't trust in the perishable person who clarified the Bible to me, but rather I trusted in Christ for the events that would take place for the rest of my life. The word of God - the Bible - became my source Book and I have depended on it for instruction and also the leading of the Holy Spirit. (DRM 12/7/04)

1:24, 25    For,
                "ALL FLESH IS LIKE GRASS,
                 AND ALL ITS GLORY LIKE THE FLOWER OF GRASS.
                 THE GRASS WITHERS,
                 AND THE FLOWER FALLS OFF,
               25BUT THE WORD OF THE LORD ENDURES FOREVER."   
                          And this is the word which was preached to you.

    This is a quote from Isaiah 40:6-8.
    While we are on earth, we have a limited lifetime, like grass, but fortunately longer. While I can't visualize "the flower of grass," I'm aware that grass produces seed, so more grass can grow. We also need to produce spiritual seed for the next generation of believers.
    The v. 25 comparison is that grass (and people) have limited lifetimes, but God=Jesus and His word last forever.
    The truth in the Word of God - the Bible does not change from generation to generation. It's absolute truth. (DRM 9/6/13)

2:1-3    Therefore, putting aside all malice and all deceit and hypocrisy and envy and all slander, 2like newborn babies, long for the pure milk of the word, so that by it you may grow in respect to salvation, 3if you have tasted the kindness of the Lord.

    This almost seems like a summary of how to live the Christian life. We should avoid sin and Peter gives us another short list of sins to avoid, then instructs us to love the word of God, the Bible, and be instructed by His words given there, so as to grow in your salvation - and throughout our earthly life. The third verse includes the 'food' word 'taste' as a motivator not to quit in the instruction given since the day you trusted in the Lord Jesus. (DRM 12/2/16)

2:4, 5    And coming to Him as to a living stone, rejected by men, but choice and precious in the sight of God, 5you also, as living stones, are being built up as a spiritual house for a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.

    The term "living stone" is a challenge to me. I think that Christians, as believers, could be considered a part of the Christian church. We could be considered as individual bricks or stones in the church structure. Jesus is the cornerstone. Our structure is based on the cornerstone, Jesus. (DRM 12/8/04)

2:6    For this is contained in Scripture:
            "BEHOLD, I LAY IN ZION A CHOICE STONE, A PRECIOUS CORNER stone,
              AND HE WHO BELIEVES IN HIM WILL NOT BE DISAPPOINTED."

    This part of Chapter 2 refers to Jesus as the stone or cornerstone that we must trust in for our eternal salvation. Those who don't believe in Him find it offensive (v. 8). What we do with Jesus determines our eternal destiny. (DRM 12/8/10)

2:7    This precious value, then, is for you who believe; but for those who disbelieve,
          "THE STONE WHICH THE BUILDERS REJECTED,
            THIS BECAME THE VERY CORNER stone,"

    The cornerstone is Jesus. As Christians, we know He has incredible value to our present and eternal life. He is the basis for our faith, like the cornerstone of a building.
    Those who don't believe in Jesus have rejected His ministry and any input into their lives. That doesn't really matter to us, as He is still our cornerstone no matter what they believe.
    Faith is personal. In a free society we can choose what we believe. Thankfully the Bible leads us in the right direction.
    In time, everyone will know the Truth, but it's better to know before the judgment (Rev. 20:11-15).   (DRM 3/1/16)

2:8    and,
            "A STONE OF STUMBLING AND A ROCK OF OFFENSE";
        for they stumble because they are disobedient to the word, and to this doom they were also appointed.

    The stone is Jesus (v. 6). This is the Rock that Christians believe in. It is also the object of unbelievers where they can find it offensive - by refusing to even use the name of Jesus - or using it as a swear word. In this way they are stumbling over what seems to Christians to be the simple way of salvation.
    God knows each heart. He knew who would trust in Jesus and who wouldn't - in that way He knew which people were "doomed", but He wants all to be saved. God knows the future. . . (DRM 10/16/13)

2:9    But you are A CHOSEN RACE, A royal PRIESTHOOD, A HOLY NATION, A PEOPLE FOR God's OWN POSSESSION, SO that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light,

    God has a plan for each one of us. Recently I have generally discovered that His plan and "my" plan to serve Him don't necessarily agree. Still, He can use (us) me. Wherever He puts us in life, He wants us to share His love with the people we come in contact with. (DRM 4/30/08)

2:10    . . . for you once were NOT A PEOPLE, but now you are THE PEOPLE OF GOD; you had NOT RECEIVED MERCY, but now you have RECEIVED MERCY.

    Before I was a Christian, I was "a people," an individual not a part of His spiritual family. Now, as a Christian, I'm still the same individual, but part of a spiritual Christian family - represented by the church where I attend, but also a part of the universal Christian family of believers.
    When I received Jesus as my Savior, besides receiving the Holy Spirit, I also received God's mercy or compassion. He has loved me as a son rather than previously loving all the human race that He created. (DRM 5/1/13)

2:11    Beloved, I urge you as aliens and strangers to abstain from fleshly lusts which wage war against the soul.

    I don't feel like an alien, but when I think of my Christian faith in a city of mostly unbelievers, it's obvious that my life is nothing like their lives of drinking, parties and who knows what else?
    The 'world' offers us many ways to sin. One way mentioned here is to lust over others. As followers of Christ, we are to repel these feelings - which can only be accomplished by and through the Holy Spirit living within us. (DRM 3/29/14)

2:12    Keep your behavior excellent among the Gentiles, so that in the thing in which they slander you as evildoers, they may because of your good deeds, as they observe them, glorify God in the day of visitation.

    Even though this was written almost 2,000 years ago - it could have been written to us, as believers today.
    The Gentiles referred to here are the unbelievers who slander/criticize our every action. Meanwhile, we are to continue to do good deeds and show them how a Christian should behave. I understand this can be difficult as "they" are killing more and more Christians daily.
    Some day very soon, Jesus will come and take the Christians home, then "they" will realize what they did from their criticisms and regret what they did. (DRM 8/14/14)

2:13    Submit yourselves for the Lord's sake to every human institution, whether to a king as the one in authority,

    Many years ago, while working for the government, I had a major problem with the people who supervised me and they didn't like my resistance.
    Thankfully, afterwards a knowledgeable Christian pointed me to this verse - or something similar. God put these people in authority, and our job is to be submissive. He will determine their fate in His time. (DRM 5/1/08)

2:14    or to governors as sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and the praise of those who do right.

    This is the second half of a long sentence about submission to authorities. In this verse it seems that the job of the governor is to punish evildoers and praise those who do right. While today in USA the courts deal with evildoers, the governor STILL has plenty to do to keep the state running.
    As Christians, our job is to submit to both earthly laws and the laws given to us by the Lord. (DRM 12/9/10)

2:15    For such is the will of God that by doing right you may silence the ignorance of foolish men.

    As Christians, we are to follow God's way and not the way of the world. One example is honestly in business. Since 90% of store owners will do nearly anything to get more money from the customer, we, as Christians, should be known for our honestly and helping the customer to get the most for their money.
    God's will is that we follow His principles and eventually people will see the difference and patronize our establishment.
    Do unto others as you would have them do unto you. (Golden Rule from Luke 6:31) (DRM 12/28/12)

2:16    Act as free men, and do not use your freedom as a covering for evil, but use it as bondslaves of God.

    What is freedom? My country (USA) claims to have freedom, but this verse is for everyone in the world.
    In Christ we are free to do His will, but not free to do things He would not approve of. Clearly if I/we broke one of the Ten Commandments this would not be His will. Our freedom comes from doing what He would want us to do. There's a lot of options. Before doing something, think, "What would Jesus do?" and there is freedom there.
    Jesus=God doesn't want us to sin, but wants us to show His love to others in any way we choose - that's freedom. (DRM 10/8/15)

2:17    Honor all men; love the brotherhood, fear God, honor the King.

    As Christians, we should try to encourage others by honoring their efforts, not criticizing them. We should love other Christians and fear the Lord God, for He can change our life in an instant. To honor the King, the Bible is referring to our governmental authorities [verse 13] on all levels. Yes, including the boss at work. Yes, that can be the most difficult because of the number of hours we are together - but with His help, I can do it. (DRM 12/9/04)

2:18, 19    Servants, be submissive to your masters with all respect, not only to those who are good and gentle, but also to those who are unreasonable. 19For this finds favor, if for the sake of conscience toward God a person bears up under sorrows when suffering unjustly.

    God=Jesus wants us to be submissive to our employment supervisors like slaves would be to their masters.
    Even if we disagree, I/we have to remember that God put them in this position, and by doing their will, we are also serving God and doing His will. In serving God, we are setting a good example to both the supervisor and fellow servants/employees.
    Yes, we can suffer unjustly, but have to remember God is watching, and He will correct the situation in His time. We want to find favor to God more than a possible mean supervisor. (DRM 3/14/17)

    [Re: 2:18]    While this was written to slaves and their masters - I think of it as employees and their supervisors.
    As Christians, we are to be as much like Christ in our lives as possible. When at work, some supervisors will treat us better than others. For those that are unreasonable, we still are to show Jesus' love. It's a lot easier for the kind supervisors. The point is that we are being watched to see if we truly act Christlike at work.
    I know it's not easy in some cases. Besides the supervisor, Jesus is also watching, so think, WWJD? (What Would Jesus Do?) (DRM 11/1/16)

2:20    For what credit is there if, when you sin and are harshly treated, you endure it with patience? But if when you do what is right and suffer for it you patiently endure it, this finds favor with God.

    We, as believers, are to submit to our authorities (vv. 13-14). When they set the rules, we are to follow them. God put rulers in place even if we don't agree with them.
    If we disobey, then, according to this verse, we are sinning and should be rightfully punished. However, if we disobey because of God's laws and not man's laws and suffer for disobeying and patiently endure it, then this finds favor with God. These days it's hard to tell the difference for more and more rules.
    We are to know God's laws and obey them. They are higher than anything that mankind sets up. (DRM 8/26/16)

2:21, 22    For you have been called for this purpose, since Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example for you to follow in His steps, 22WHO COMMITTED NO SIN, NOR WAS ANY DECEIT FOUND IN HIS MOUTH;

    Jesus suffered and died for our sins. There will be people who will also cause attacks on us as Christians. These attacks could be verbal or other types - all because of our faith. Jesus is our example, He went through far more agony than we will be called upon. When a trial comes, we are to remember whatever we are going through, Jesus still suffered more and died because of His love for each one of us.
    No matter what the trial is, Jesus love is far greater. (DRM 11/28/16)

2:23    and while being reviled, He (Jesus) did not revile in return; while suffering, He uttered no threats, but kept entrusting Himself to Him who judges righteously;

    Jesus is to be our example. This one verse is a part of a three verse sentence that reminds me of all that He did including His death on the cross for my sins. How can I ever live up to His example? How can I give all that He did? While it is a goal that is humanly unattainable, even one or two steps closer to his example is a worthy goal - and I can always try a step at a time. (DRM 12/10/04)

2:24    and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, so that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds you were healed.

    This is a short version of the Gospel - good news - on how to become a Christian.
    When Jesus died, He died for all of our sins, as He was the sinless Son of God. With our sins forgiven, we are to live for the Lord in whatever way He directs.
    The important part is to believe this verse in your (our) heart. (DRM 12/10/10)

2:25    For you were continually straying like sheep, but now you have returned to the Shepherd and Guardian of your souls.

    Recently I have been using the word "diversion" a lot. It seems to me that I get diverted a lot from the activities that I plan on doing every morning. Sometimes this is good - as it COULD be the way the Lord is changing my path to follow His will. Other times it's obviously following the wrong path. The goal is to follow His leading. (DRM 5/2/08)

3:1    In the same way, you wives, be submissive to your own husbands so that even if any of them are disobedient to the word, they may be won without a word by the behavior of their wives. 

    This is probably a difficult verse for some modern women. God has written here that men have authority over their wives. I think that really the partnership should be a 'shared authority', unless a dispute arises, then the wife must be submissive to the husband's will. If the man is NOT a believer, his wife must show him the way by her lifestyle - and gentle, lovingkindness. (DRM 12/11/04)

3:3, 4    Your adornment must not be merely external - braiding the hair, and wearing gold jewelry, or putting on dresses; 4but let it be the hidden person of the heart, with the imperishable quality of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is precious in the sight of God.

    The beginning of Chapter 3 refers to "wives" (v. 1), and how they should be submissive (v. 1) to their husbands.
    In these two verses, wives are advised how to dress and how to live as a disciple of Christ.
    I think the important phrase here is "gentle and quiet spirit," which can be challenging when people don't agree. I guess I'm a person that would want to negotiate any differences, but never was married. (DRM 12/11/10)

3:5, 6    For in this way in former times the holy women also, who hoped in God, used to adorn themselves, being submissive to their own husbands, 6just as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord, and you have become her children if you do what is right without being frightened by any fear.

    This relates to women being submissive to their husbands (3:1). They are to be humble and quiet in spirit (v. 4) in their respect to their husbands and ultimately to the Lord God.
    The point is that all people, men and women, are to respect each other and submit to God's order - like the example of Sarah and Abraham.
    The fear we should have is of God, not man. God can change our direction in life at any moment. Our earthly enemies can only last on earth, but not our heavenly destination.    
    Whatever we suffer on earth will not go to Heaven, so long as we have put our trust in Jesus. (DRM 12/24/16)

3:7    You husbands in the same way, live with your wives in an understanding way, as with someone weaker, since she is a woman; and show her honor as a fellow heir of the grace of life, so that your prayers will not be hindered.

    I would sum up this verse to the word RESPECT. After listening to new reports etc. for all my years, I know that husbands can do some bad things to their wives. Perhaps if they read and applied the Bible ~ instruction manual ~ the bad things wouldn't happen. Answered prayer certainly would be a motive for me - but, unmarried, I don't understand the conflicts in the first place. (DRM 5/3/08)

3:8    To sum up, let all be harmonious, sympathetic, brotherly, kindhearted, and humble in spirit.

    I try real hard to work on the things stated above. The hard part is when I occasionally find a difficult person - or someone who is in an antagonistic day. On those days whatever I do is wrong. Still, I try to be humble and change my plans and submit to their will - hoping to make them happy. This happens occasionally - and is difficult, but can be done.  I need the Lord's help especially on days like that! (DRM 12/12/04)

3:9    . . . not returning evil for evil or insult for insult, but giving a blessing instead; for you were called for the very purpose that you might inherit a blessing.

    If we, as Christians, were to return evil for evil or insult for insult, we would be just like the rest of the world. We need discernment and a peaceful heart to negotiate differences between people who do such things. If God want to give us a blessing, I'd be the first to accept it, but I think it's just logical to promote peace between people.  (DRM 5/4/08)

3:10    For, "THE ONE WHO DESIRES LIFE,
                    TO LOVE AND SEE GOOD DAYS,
                    MUST KEEP HIS TONGUE FROM EVIL
                    AND HIS LIPS FROM SPEAKING DECEIT.

    In the Bible, Christians have models of how to act and instructions on how to live right vs. wrong.
    This verse is instruction on how to live a good life. The words that we say to others are vitally important. Here we should be modeling Christ. We are not to swear or speak deceitful words to others as the words that we say show the attitude that is in our heart. (DRM 12/12/10)

3:11    "HE MUST TURN AWAY FROM EVIL AND DO GOOD;
            HE MUST SEEK PEACE AND PURSUE IT.

    This is the middle verse of a three verse quote taken from Psalm 34:12-15.
    In these verses are the qualities that Christian believers should exhibit. When I read these verses and reflect on them, I say to myself, "Am I like this", "Do I do this?" How can I improve and be more like Jesus? (DRM 8/8/12)

3:12    FOR THE EYES OF THE LORD ARE TOWARD THE RIGHTEOUS,
           AND HIS EARS ATTEND TO THEIR PRAYER,
           BUT THE FACE OF THE LORD IS AGAINST THOSE WHO DO EVIL."

    When I have my doubts about everything working out "my way," I should always remember to yield to "His way" and not always mine. If I try to do something that is against His will, I should immediately change my ways. (DRM 1/3/87)

3:13    Who is there to harm you if you prove zealous for what is good?

    This question is answered in the following verses.
    So long as we love the Lord with all our heart and try to do as He leads us, He will be pleased. The world generally won't like the path we are following and will try to harm us either physically or spiritually.
    We are to ignore what the world says to do, or the criticism from the world, and follow only the leadings of/from the Lord Jesus. (DRM 4/28/14)

3:14    But even if you should suffer for the sake of righteousness, you are blessed. AND DO NOT FEAR THEIR INTIMIDATION, AND DO NOT BE TROUBLED,

    There are more and more people in the world today who are critical of the Gospel. These people can be anywhere - including our own families.
    No matter what they say or do, I (we) are to follow only the Lord Jesus. He will bless us for our actions in the future - and the future is much longer than the present! (Eternity)
    It may be hard today - but there will be a better tomorrow. (DRM 11/13/11)

    It's better to suffer for the cause of Christ than for the cause of Christ to suffer. (from Our Daily Bread, 11/13/11)

3:15    but sanctify Christ as Lord in your hearts, always being ready to make a defense to everyone who asks you to give an account for the hope that is in you, yet with gentleness and reverence,

    This is only one-third of a sentence, but clear to me. Things don't always go "my way," and God watches our reaction on those occasions. People will generally criticize, but occasionally may ask "why are you different?" At that point I MUST show gentleness and not indifference or hostility. People respect people who DON'T get angry in trials. (DRM 12/13/04)

3:16    . . . and keep a good conscience so that in the thing in which you are slandered, those who revile your good behavior in Christ will be put to shame.

    Let's say someone criticized you or made a statement about your belief in Jesus. You could attack back and create more dissention, or not respond at all and let the Lord take care of it in His time. This verse shows that we (I) should take the second choice - as He is aware of all that occurs in our life. (DRM 5/5/08)

3:17    For it is better, if God should will it so, that you suffer for doing what is right rather than for doing what is wrong.

    After reading the Book=Bible every day, a person should learn what God=Jesus considers right and wrong. People who haven't read the Book only do what is right in their own eyes.
    If we (Christians) do what is right, based on the Bible, and receive suffering; it's not from doing wrong - but rather from following Him. (DRM 12/13/10)

3:18    For Christ also died for sins once for all, the just for the unjust, so that He might bring us to God, having been put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the spirit;

    In previous verses we are told to stand with Christ no matter what others say or do.
    In this verse we are reminded that Jesus died for the sins of all, as He was sinless - the just - for all of us sinners - the unjust. In this act, He brings us to God and our new home if we believe in our heart.
    Jesus was put to death in His earthly body, but He is still alive in the Spirit.
    With our trust in this act of Jesus, we can also have confidence that we will also be alive forever with Him in Heaven. (DRM 11/10/15)

3:19    . . . in which also He went and made proclamation to the spirits now in prison, . . .

    This is the middle verse of a three verse complex sentence.
    In the previous verse, Jesus died for our sins, the just for the unjust. In this verse Peter seems to refer to the spirits/demons that are still confined to Hell or the equivalent today. During the days He was "buried" He visited these demons and proclaimed something - but what? The next verse goes to the days of Noah and the construction of the ark. The demons were apparently involved in the criticism of that work at the time.
    So this is a history lesson that Jesus will have to clarify when we meet. (DRM 6/4/16)

3:20    . . . who once were disobedient, when the patience of God kept waiting in the days of Noah, during the construction of the ark, in which a few, that is, eight persons, were brought safely through the water.

    This is the final part of a three verse sentence. In the previous verse Jesus went to what we call Hell and talked to the spirits there.
    In this verse the spirits in Hell are referred to as disobedient - not trusting in the Lord - then it refers to Noah and the building of the ark and His patience with Noah as it took a long time to build the ark. (No one knows exactly how long.)
    God has incredible patience and that is illustrated again today - as our world is like it was in the days of Noah. When God's patience is over, the earth will know! On that day, or soon after, we can look forward to our quick exit to be with Him while the Tribulation takes place on earth. (DRM 6/26/16)

4:1, 2    Therefore, since Christ has suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same purpose, because he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, 2so as to live the rest of the time in the flesh no longer for the lusts of men, but for the will of God.

    Jesus went through trials while He was on earth, and He made it through them all without sinning.
    Since Jesus had trials, we should expect that we will also. While we won't become sinless, as Jesus was, we can try to have as few sins as possible and when we do sin - to ask His forgiveness and try to correct the error the next time.
    Now that we are Christians, we are to live for the Lord God - to do His will - which certainly includes telling others about Jesus in some way. (DRM 7/13/14)

4:3    For the time already past is sufficient for you to have carried out the desire of the Gentiles, having pursued a course of sensuality, lusts, drunkenness, carousing, drinking parties and abominable idolatries.

    I think the point of this section refers to new Christian converts, and how they are to live their life - but it's a good reminder to all.
    The point could be - the past vices are all over with - live your life for Christ. Don't do all the things they = non-Christians do. (DRM 5/6/08)

4:4    In all this, they are surprised that you do not run with them into the same excesses of dissipation, and they malign you;

    This refers back to the list of sins in verse three above.
    Before we become Christians we had various sins, and our "friends" continue to do them. Now that God has changed our heart to follow Him and stop the sinning (as best we can), the "friends" are surprised that we don't continue in sin, and don't want to associate with us any longer.
    Instead of us losing friends for our faith, our "friends" intentionally lose us as a friend because we have changed. (DRM 3/21/13)

4:5    but they [unbelievers] shall give account to Him who is ready to judge the living and the dead. 

    We will all be judged someday. Believers are dependent on Jesus dying for our sins. Unbelievers also have to give an account, and without the grace of Jesus, will be found guilty of their sins. If they had only accepted Jesus Christ, and Him alone to save them during their lifetime, they wouldn't be in this situation! Somehow, someone must open their eyes. How can I help? (DRM 12/14/04)

4:6    For the gospel has for this purpose been preached even to those who are dead, that though they are judged in the flesh as men, they may live in the spirit according to the will of God.

    Every human being that ever lived has been given the gospel. How? If not verbally, then by the Bible. If not by those, then by creation - observation of nature and the universe. God has shown Himself to everyone. How we receive this information and honor and follow Him determines our destiny. I believe the "dead" in the sentence refers to the spiritually dead - unbelievers. (DRM 12/14/10)

4:7    The end of all things is near; therefore, be of sound judgment and sober spirit for the purpose of prayer.

    From all evidence I've seen, I truly believe that the "end of all things is near." With my personal belief in imminency, Peter probably wanted us to believe that the Lord could (and still can) return at any moment. This verse emphasizes that we (I) should be praying to our Maker every day in anticipation of meeting Him very soon. (DRM 5/7/08)

4:8    Above all, keep fervent in your love for one another, because love covers a multitude of sins.

    Sometimes our closest friends and relatives say things that disturb us. They have a right to their opinions, but it's not a reason to stop talking to them or fight with them. Remember that it's only their opinion. Continue to love all people - even with these minor disagreements. (DRM 12/15/10)

4:9    Be hospitable to one another without complaint.

    Let's say that you (I) just invited a family from church over for dinner on Sunday night. They have never been to our house and we want them to enjoy the evening, so had a special dinner prepared. The cost was more than expected for the extra people.
    Even before they arrived, you were thinking more of the financial expense of doing this.
    In this verse we are told not to complain about the expense. Think of it as a ministry to the Lord and make sure He is glorified in whatever is said. (DRM 8/3/13)

4:10    As each one has received a special gift, employ it in serving one another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God.

    It seems that the world revolves around people earning more and more money to buy more and more possessions. Jesus had everything that was needed, and never had a home or [apparently] material goods. Even though He was the King, He was a servant to His Father God and healed the sick and washed the feet of His disciples. To be a follower of Christ, I must be more of a servant - as He was. (DRM 12/15/04) 

4:11    If anyone speaks, he should do it as one speaking the very words of God.

    It seems that I continually find verses "committing" me for the sins of my tongue. This verse makes me really think that no matter WHAT I say about ANY SUBJECT, that I am being judged by the listener. Certainly I realize that when I witness or give my testimony, that God gets the full glory, but I must also remember that God cares about EVERY word all day long. (DRM 12/17/86)

4:12, 13    Beloved, do not be surprised at the fiery ordeal among you, which comes upon you for your testing, as though some strange thing were happening to you; 12but to the degree that you share the sufferings of Christ, keep on rejoicing, so that also at the revelation of His glory you may rejoice with exultation.

    It seems that I have plenty of trials now. They are little ordeals that we have to go through. God is testing us to see how we will do, and to be sure that we are completely devoted to Him. Sometimes God's testing and Satan's trials are hard to tell apart!
    Still, we are to rejoice - because we know the future - and the trials will be short in comparison to eternity. The "revelation of His glory" seems to be the day He comes to rule the earth. That will truly be a day to rejoice! (DRM 1/21/14)

4:14    If you are reviled for the name of Christ, you are blessed, because the Spirit of glory and of God rests on you.

    I think of the times when I have stood on the sidewalk to give away bookmarks. I always wonder what the comments will be - or can be. The more negative people are, somehow I feel more confident that I am doing the right thing - as I know that at the time I am showing people the love of Christ - even though they don't want it. (DRM 5/8/08)

4:15    Make sure that none of you suffers as a murderer, or thief, or evildoer, or a troublesome meddler;

    This verse really goes with the next verse (v. 16). It's all right to suffer for being a Christian, but don't suffer for sins like murder, theft or other things that are against the law, as that would be acting just like the world and would not bring glory to Christ.
    With the Holy Spirit within us as Christians, we should have no desire to do evil things like this anyway. Our life is to honor Him and strive to be more like Him - every day. (DRM 9/25/12)

4:16    but if anyone suffers as a Christian, let him not feel ashamed, but in that name let him glorify God.

    When someone is persecuted for their faith in Christ, it had to be clearly visible to the unbelieving persecutor. The believer was being a witness for the Lord just to cause the incident. To proclaim the gospel in any way is a Christian's directive, so we should be glad when people see Christ in us. We have assurance that the Holy Spirit is in us when we are persecuted for our proclaiming our faith to others.

4:17    For it is time for judgment to begin with the household of God; and if it begins with us first, what will be the outcome for those who do not obey the gospel of God?

    All human beings who ever lived will be judged by God at some time. The household of God would be members of the body of Christ - who are accepted as the household because of their trust/dependence on Christ for their souls. Those who never trusted in Christ will have a worse fate - in the unending fire. (DRM 12/16/10)

4:18    AND IF IT IS WITH DIFFICULTY THAT THE RIGHTEOUS IS SAVED, WHAT WILL BECOME OF THE GODLESS MAN AND THE SINNER?

    God puts us through some trials to test our faith - we are to expect these things and not be surprised when they happen. Some people fail during the trials, but will get to Heaven due to their faith.
    This verse asks the question - what will become of those who don't fear God or don't believe in Him? Obviously the answer is they won't be a part of His Kingdom - Heaven.
    God so loves the world - sinners, that He wants all to be in Heaven. If people choose not to follow Him or His Son - then they won't be a part of Heaven and will go instead to Hell. (DRM 4/14/15)

4:19    Therefore, those also who suffer according to the will of God shall entrust their souls to a faithful Creator in doing what is right.

    Suffering for Christ can take many forms. A lot of it depends on where you live. In certain countries in the world Christianity is outlawed. In those countries sharing your faith with others could have you killed.
    My experiences in the USA have been mild in comparison. I have been told not to give out bookmarks in a park in Chicago, I have been barred from joining some business organizations and have felt that I was 'taken advantage of' by some other 'Christians."
    The important part is serving the Lord and doing His will. He knows our true motives in what we attempt for His Kingdom. (DRM 9/22/15)

5:1    Therefore, I exhort the elders among you, as your fellow elder and witness of the sufferings of Christ, and a partaker also of the glory that is to be revealed,

    This verse is really an introduction to verse two below. It is addressed to the elders of the church, and directs them (v. 2) to shepherd their flock according to the will of God.
    Peter, the writer, gives a little of his background in this verse and tells us that he was a witness to Jesus' sufferings, thus motivating him to believe and share the gospel. (DRM 4/19/13)

5:2    . . . shepherd the flock of God among you, exercising oversight not under compulsion, but voluntarily, according to the will of God; and not for sordid gain, but with eagerness;

    This verse seems to be directed to pastors or leaders. Certainly God has to call people to be WILLING servants to proclaim the gospel. He is not interested in the people who just want to do the job for the salary, but because they want to advance His Kingdom. (DRM 5/9/08)

5:3, 4    . . . nor yet as lording it over those allotted to your charge, but proving to be examples to the flock. 4And when the Chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory.

    This is directed to the elders or leaders of the church (v. 1).
    In this paragraph, Peter is the speaker as he refers to Jesus as the Chief Shepherd. Peter is speaking his mind, but surely God wanted him to express this thought.
    Pastors aren't to be absolute rulers over their congregation (flock), but rather Godly examples. As a reward for their good service, Jesus will give them a crown of glory.
    While pastoring requires dedication and service, the eternal rewards are great. (DRM 11/2/12)

    The opening verses of 1 Peter 5 are directed to church leaders and remind them of two important facts. First, their service is to be like that of a shepherd to a flock, marked by sacrifice, integrity, and exemplary behavior (vv. 2-3). The second fact explains why those characteristics are so critical. As shepherds, they serve under the authority of the Chief Shepherd of the flock Christ Himself and are accountable to Him. (v. 4) (from Our Daily Bread, INSIGHT, 11/2/12)

5:5    You younger men, likewise, be subject to your elders; and all of you, clothe yourselves with humility toward one another, for GOD IS OPPOSED TO THE PROUD, BUT GIVES GRACE TO THE HUMBLE.

    As we age, we accumulate experiences - both worldly experiences and spiritual experiences. In an active church there should be Christians from all age levels. In that church, referred to here, the older Christians should teach or just tell the younger ones what they have learned over the years. Humbleness is complete submissiveness to the Lord, knowing that our lives are completely determined by His grace alone. (DRM 12/17/10)

5:6, 7    Therefore humble yourselves, therefore, under the mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you at the proper time, 7casting all your anxiety on Him, because He cares for you.

    [re 5:6]    I have felt for years now that Jesus has a special mission for me to do. The problem is what? My problem is patience as I keep aging and wondering WHEN He will start using me. I can tell that when I tell others of a special plan, they don't believe me, so I try to keep quiet and wait. The waiting is SO hard! I have to wait for His timing. (DRM 12/17/04)

    God knows everything about us. He made us before we were born. If we have a "flaw" since we were born, then He put it there for a purpose. He knows what He is doing!
    As we (I) submit our lives to the Lord, we are admitting that He is always right and we want to follow His correct direction. A result of this submission will be that He will exalt us for something (He chooses) in the future. There's no reason to worry about anything because He, or His angels, are always with us and He knows the future anyway. (I need to implement this better!) (DRM 4/4/12)

    In verses 6-7, we read a pair of commands that can be very challenging. The first is to humble ourselves before God. Our human tendency toward self-promotion bristles at such an idea, and yet the heart of humility before God is vital. The second command is to abandon our cares and concerns to Him. Why should we do this? God is not only the all-powerful Creator, He is also the God of infinite love and mercy. Because of this, we can confidently trust ourselves to the God who loves us and cares deeply for us. (Our Daily Bread, Insight, 4/4/12)

5:8    Be of sober spirit, be on the alert. Your adversary, the devil, prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour.

    How does the adversary, the devil, work? He puts wrong thoughts into our minds, like hurting other people one way or another. The devil would want us to deny Christ's saving power in any way possible.
    When these thoughts come to mind, they are clearly not of Jesus or the Holy Spirit - avoid them at all cost. (DRM 12/18/10)

5:9    But resist him (the devil), firm in your faith, knowing that the same experiences of suffering are being accomplished by your brethren who are in the world.

    The devil and his demons will do anything in their power to divert and attack believers in their faith. As stated here, the Lord wants us to be firm against their attacks; and to remember that we all - as believing Christians - are facing these attacks. We have to stand firm in our faith. (DRM 5/10/08)

5:10    And after you have suffered for a little while, the God of all grace, who called you to His eternal glory in Christ, will Himself perfect, confirm, strengthen and establish you.

    This verse could have two time lines, depending on how long "a little while" is. This could refer to a short trial, like illness, or it could refer to our whole lifetime and our hope in Heaven. Probably it's BOTH. It's always hard to admit things won't always go "my way." (DRM 12/18/04)

5:11    To Him be dominion forever and ever. Amen.

    This is really the completed thought with verse ten above. We only have to suffer "a little while" in comparison to eternity.
    Jesus, our God, has and will have dominion over all the earth forever, so we should praise Him now for all He has done, as we will be doing it for eternity. He deserves the praise! (DRM 1/23/14)

5:12    Through Silvanus, our faithful brother (for so I regard him), I have written to you briefly, exhorting and testifying that this is the true grace of God. Stand firm in it!

    This is near the conclusion of the letter. It appears that Peter had Silvanus write the letter for him, or Silvanus composed it from what Peter had given in speeches/sermons.
    Like all human "authors" in the Bible (inspired by God's Holy Spirit), Peter wanted all readers to know that Jesus truly came to earth and died for our sins (2:24).
    The words in this book are absolute truth. We are to "stand firm in it!" (DRM 7/4/17)

5:13, 14    She who is in Babylon, chosen together with you, sends you greetings, and so does my son, Mark. 14Greet one another with a kiss of love.
    Peace be to you all who are in Christ.

    These last two verses in 1 Peter don't seem to tell us much today.
    The letter was written to those who were believers in Christ in various cities and countries (1:1). Apparently Peter was in Babylon when he wrote, as the greetings came FROM the believers there.
    Peter called another believer, John-Mark, Mark (Acts 12:12). This doesn't seem to be the writer of that book.
    The last verse applies to all believers of all times. We are all to love each other, even without kissing, as we all have the same Saviour and will live together in the same Heaven soon. (DRM 10/8/17)